Testosterone is also known as the sex hormone as its levels decide male characteristics in a person. The hormone, thus also known as male hormone, is produced by testes. Even women have this hormone although in low quantity, produced by the ovaries. Testosterone offers many benefits to the body and helps in its growth and development. It is also important for the health of the person. As age increases, sex hormones can decrease as body starts producing it in lesser quantity.
Testosterone levels in Men
Apart from the age factor, testosterone levels are also influenced by lifestyle, exercise and diet patterns. The testosterone levels and also any other hormones are measured in nanograms per decilitre, abbreviated as ng/dL. There are normal ranges specified for normal testosterone levels in both men and women but the actual range can be either a little above or a little below the normal level, which is considered to be all right. In men, the normal testosterone levels range from 280 to 1,000 ng/dL. In women, it is around 15 to 70. The testosterone levels are highest during growing years and it may start reducing as age advances. Though after the age of 30 or 40, the testosterone levels reduce, there is no exact time for it and it may differ from person to person.
It is the functioning of hypothalamus that determines the testosterone levels in the body. It is the one that motivates or de-motivates pituitary gland into increasing or decreasing testosterone production. The levels of testosterone has to be within the normal range but if they go high or decrease in testosterone production, in both cases, there can be many problems in the body, particularly related to libido and fertility in the person.
A simple blood test is all that is required to find about the testosterone levels in a person. It is important to note that the levels of testosterone can also be due to diet and lifestyle as it is due to age.
Low testosterone levels, symptoms and treatment
Men who have low testosterone levels may suffer from different symptoms including lower energy levels, depression, low confidence, low sexual desire and so on. Physical changes may also occur that include hair loss, loss of body hair, erectile dysfunction, low sperm production, weight gain and so on.
If you experience any of the above symptoms, the first thing you should do is consult your doctor. He may ascertain the reasons for the symptoms and treat you accordingly. If it is because of low hormones, then he may prescribe testosterone replacement therapy or TRT but it may not be the same for all.
Some may be treated when changes in lifestyle are brought about such as having an active lifestyle and including exercises and outdoor routine in their life, and consuming a healthy diet. There are also other supplements for those who do not favour use of prescription drugs. These supplements are more of vitamin and mineral supplements that give a boost to endocrine system and thus persuading the pituitary gland to produce more testosterone.